Elm, White

Elm

Colour

Durability

Density in kg/m3

Elm

The Tree
Grows to an average height of 15-25 meters and 3-4 foot in diameter.

The Timber
The heartwood is pale reddish-brown in colour, and the sapwood is paler. The wood is strong and tough, and has good bending properties. The grain is usually straight, but occasionally is interlocked, and the texture is coarse, and inclined to be woolly.

Drying
The timber is said to dry well, with medium shrinkage.

Strength
Its strength generally is superior to that of European common elm, being some 50 per cent stiffer and harder, 30 per cent stronger in compression parallel to the grain, and more than twice as resistant to shock loads.

Working Qualities
Medium - Finishes well if sharp cutting edges are employed, and takes stains and polish satisfactorily, nails and screws well, and is said to glue well.

Latin Name
Ulmus americana, Ulmus fulva, Ulmus thomasii, Ulmus racemosa

Also known as
White elm (North America), slippery elm, water elm, swamp elm, soft elm, red elm, slippery-barked elm, rock elm, cork elm, hickory elm, cork-bark elm

Wood Type
Hardwood

Treatability
Difficult

Moisture
Medium

Texture
Coarse

Origin
North America