Oak, American red

Oak

Oak, American red

Durability

Density in kg/m3

Oak

The Tree
The trees vary according to species but average about 18m to 21 m in height with a diameter of 1.0m.

The Timber
The timber varies in colour from pink to pale reddish-brown, there is usually a reddish cast to the wood although sometimes it approaches white oak in colour. The large rays do not produce such an attractive figure as they do in white oak, and generally speaking, the wood is coarser in texture. The quality of red oak depends greatly on growth conditions, northern red oak. With its comparatively slow rate of growth, compares favourably with northern white oak, while red oak from the southern States is generally of faster growth, and consequently more coarse and open in texture. Red oak weighs about 790 kg/m3 when dried.

Drying
Dries slowly with a tendancy to warp and split, particularly on end grain.

Strength
Similar to European Oak.

Working Qualities
Hard and heavy with high crushing strength, American Red Oak is nonetheless flexible and excellent for steam bending. Red Oak machines well, though pre-boring is useful as with White Oak

Latin Name
Quercus spp., Quercus rubra, Quercus borealis, Quercus falcata, Quercus pagodaefolia, Quercus shumardii

Also known as
American red oak, northern red oak (Q. rubra, Q. borealis), southern red oak (Q. falcata), Spanish oak (Q. falcata), swamp red oak (Q. falcata, Q. pagodaefolia), cherrybark oak (Q. falcata, Q. pagodaefolia), shumard red oak (Q. shumardii)

Wood Type
Hardwood

Treatability
Difficult

Moisture
Medium

Texture
Medium

Origin
Canada, USA