The TimberThe sapwood is almost white, and the heartwood varies from creamy-white to light straw-brown, or light reddish-brown. The wood is not particularly resinous, but resin ducts produce short, brown-coloured, thin lines on longitudinal surfaces. The grain is straight, and the texture is fine and even, planed surfaces have a satin-like appearance; the growth-rings are rather inconspicuous. The wood weighs about 420 kg/m3 when dried.
DryingIt dries readily and well, but suitable precautions should be taken to avoid sap-stain.
StrengthA soft, weak timber, which compared to European redwood is 45 per cent softer, 25 per cent less resistant to shock loads, 30 per cent weaker in bending and in compression along the grain, and 20 per cent less resistant to splitting, and less stiff.
Working QualitiesGood - Works very easily, but the soft nature of the timber encourages crumbling under dull cutting edges, which must therefore be kept sharpened in order to obtain the best results. It takes glue, stains, polish, varnish and paint well, and can be screwed or nailed.
Latin NamePinus strobus
Also known asyellow pine, southern pine, white pine (USA, Canada), northern pine (USA), Quebec yellow pine (UK), eastern white pine (USA, Canada), Weymouth pine (UK), northern white pine (USA, Canada)
TreatabilityModerately easy, Easy (Sapwood).