The TreeA tall cylindrical tree, on good sites reaching 30m to 40m in height with a diameter of 0.5m to 0.8m. However often smaller than this in size. The tree forms extensive root systems with nitrogen-fixing nodules.
The TimberHeartwood is only formed in very old trees and there is no demarcation between sapwood and heartwood. The timber is almost white when freshly cut, changing to light tan to light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge on exposure to air. The timber has fairly straight grain and a uniform texture.
DryingEasy to dry with little degrade.
StrengthA weak wood with low strength values.
Working QualitiesEasy - Works fairly well with a tendency for the grain to pick up on planing. It hold nails well, can be glued and takes a paint or stain satisfactorily.
Latin NameAlnus rubra
Also known asWestern alder, Oregon alder