Spruce, Canadian

Spruce

Spruce, Canadian

Colour

Durability

Density in kg/m3

Spruce

The Tree
P. glauca attains a height of 15m to 24m and a diameter of 0.5m on average although on favourable sites it may be 30m tall with a diameter of 1.2m.

The Timber
There is no difference by colour between sapwood and heartwood, the wood being almost white to pale yellowish brown, closely resembling European whitewood. It is straight-grained and lustrous, without taste or odour, and only slightly resinous. The wood weighs about 416 kg/m3 when dried, but since a proportion of other species may be included in shipments, this weight is conservative and the average weight could be a little higher.

Drying
Dries fairly easily, without undue degrade.

Strength
For structural purposes, the general strength properties are similar to those of European redwood of similar grade.

Working Qualities
Good - Works very easily, but knots can sometimes be troublesome. With sharp cutting edges the wood can be finished cleanly. It can be stained, polished or painted, takes nails and screws well, and can be glued satisfactorily.

Latin Name
Picea spp., Picea glauca, Picea rubens, Picea mariana

Also known as
Eastern Canadian spruce (Canada, UK), white spruce (Canada and USA), Quebec, St. John, New Brunswick spruce (UK), Nova Scotia and Maritime Spruce (UK)

Wood Type
Softwood

Treatability
Difficult

Moisture
Small

Texture
Medium

Origin
North America