Module: Timber as a material Unit: The tree

Date Published

28 August 2022

Document Type




Roughly 20% of the world’s land surface is covered by forest, either natural or planted. Within this, there are two main species of trees “deciduous” and “coniferous”.

Key Information

As trees are sub-divided into two species “deciduos” and “coniferous”, the first one is known as “hardwood” and the second one as “softwood”.

Some “softwoods” are harder and more resistant to impact than many hardwoods.

Case studies

Arcadia Nursery was created to provide early-years education for children of university staff, students and the general public and caters for up to 113 children ranging in age from six weeks to five years.

Cowan Court was needed to house Churchill College’s growing undergraduate numbers, many of whom had to live offsite. It was also important that the building would centre the students in the campus, would be environmentally sound and fit within its historic surroundings.