Non-destructive testing (NDT) may be defined as ‘any means of determining the properties of a material, without causing significant changes to those properties’. This definition permits some degree of damage, providing the performance of the material, in this case timber, is not affected.
This Wood Information Sheet is an introduction to non-destructive testing of timber in buildings and other structures for architects, Design > Engineer;s, surveyors and building inspectors. The various NDT techniques are discussed, together with their capabilities and limitations.
When to use NDT techniques
Use of NDT in surveys
Non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques minimise disruption and the need for opening up works during the preliminary phase of a building investigation.
The most NDT techniques currently applied t timber are decay detection drilling, endoscopy and load testing.