Wood flooring

Date Published

5 September 2022

Document Type




Timber flooring is an effective way to add
character to your home. Successful installation
of a wood floor depends on the right selection of the type of flooring, the species from which it is made and its construction and appearance.

This leaflet explains the main types of wood flooring and discusses some of the principles of selection to ensure you achieve the desired result.

Key Information

When installing wood flooring, it is essential that you always do the following:

Acclimatize the boards to the in-service atmospheric conditions expected at the premises for a period of several weeks before installing them. For installations over under floor heating, ensure the moisture content of the boards is between 6% and 8% at the time of laying.

Ensure that any cement sub-floors register a relative humidity (RH) reading of no higher than 75% (65% or less for under floor heating installations or for floors intended as stick-down installations) when tested with a hygrometer.

Make sure that all wet trades (plasterwork, screeds etc) have had ample time to dry out fully before installing the floor.

Case studies

As part of a collaborative design project, Foster + Partners designed the roof and external facades of the overground structure, including the retail facades. The structure is unified by a timber diagrid roof which curves around the building like a protective shell.

Oasis Farm Waterloo is an urban farm, tucked away in the heart of London, next to Waterloo Station, just to the south of Westminster Bridge and the Houses of Parliament.