Ash, American


Ash, American



Density in kg/m3

The Tree
Black ash a slender, medium sized tree reaching a height of 18m to 21 m growing in swamps and by rivers. Green ash, a small tree, some 12m to 15m in height. White ash The tree reaches a height of 15m to 18m or a little more, and a diameter of about 0.75m.

The Timber
Black ashThe timber is greyish-brown to brown in colour, darker than that of white ash, (F. americana) and inferior to that timber in general strength properties and lighter in weight, about 560 kg/m3 when dried. A certain amount of this species is used for interior trim and fittings It takes a good finish. Green ash produces timber similar to American white ash in appearance, but inferior to that timber in hardness, strength and toughness. It weighs about the same as white ash, about 670 kg/m3 when dried and is used for similar purposes as white ash, except for striking tool handles. White ash, the sapwood is almost white in colour and the heartwood varies from light brown to reddish-brown rather similar to European ash, but a little lighter in weight, about 670 kg/m3 when dried.

Dries with little distortion.

Working Qualities
Good - Although tough, ash works and machines quite well, and finishes to a reasonably smooth finish. It can be glued, stained, and polished.

Latin Name
Fraxinus spp, Fraxinus nigra, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Fraxinus americana

Also known as
American Ash (America), black ash (Fraxinus nigra), green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), white ash, Canadian ash (Fraxinus americana), brown ash (Fraxinus nigra), red ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

Wood Type




North America